Florence Helene Zimmermann (maiden name never given) is an elderly witch, albeit one who is firmly on the side of good, who lives on High Street in New Zebedee, Capharnaum County, Michigan, in the late 1940s and early 1950s; she also owns a cottage on Lyon Lake. She is the next-door neighbor of Jonathan Barnavelt and, as of the summer of 1948, Jonathan's nephew, Lewis.

Zimmermann is known for her love of the color purple: she favors purple clothing, decorates her house in a purple scheme, and even has a purple car.


The Early Years

Zimmermann was born in 1887. In 1898, at the age of twelve, she attended her older sister Anna's wedding in Stonebridge, Pennsylvania, where she met Hilda Weiss "Granny" Wetherbee, who detected the spark of magic within her and showed her how to find her own powers and use them. She crafted a special crystal, which was linked to Florence and then buried in the earth for at least seven years; when Florence eventually laid hands on it for the first time, she used it as a part of the umbrella she would use for a magic wand, which helped focus her powers.

In 1905, while visiting her cousin Oley Gunderson in Petoskey, Michigan, she fought with another girl named Gert Bigger over a boy named Mordecai Hunks, winning the fight and briefly dating him. However, they broke up by the end of the summer.

Travels Oversea

Florence later traveled in Europe in 1913, where she met the painters Odilon Redon, Henri Matisse and Claude Monet, receiving a painting from each of them. Redon gave her a large, surrealistic picture of a purple dragon, which hung in the living room of her home in New Zebedee in 1948. Matisse's painting, of a room where almost everything was purple, and Monet's painting of purple water lilies were hung in two different guest rooms in the same house.

Magician in Michigan

By 1922, Florence was married to Honus Zimmermann, and was a member of the Capharnaum County Magician's Society. That same year, at the age of 35, she earned her Doctorate of Magical Arts from the University of Göttingen in Germany. Her dissertation was titled A Free Inquiry into the Properties of Magic Amulets, which she later had published. After getting her degree, she and Honus returned to America that same year. The exact dates of their wedding and his death are not given in the books, but according to notes made by Bellairs (in preparation for writing The Ghost in the Mirror), as relayed by Brad Strickland, they were married before she went to Europe, and she found work as a schoolteacher after he passed away.

In 1943, Florence's best friend, Jonathan, bought the home of the late warlock Isaac Izard, who had lived next door to Florence for years, and tore down the fence between their homes. Five years later, in the summer of 1948, a recently retired Florence met Jonathan's nephew Lewis when he moved in. In April of 1949, she participated in the battle against Isaac's wife Selenna, who had returned from the dead. Soon after, she met Lewis's new friend, Rose Rita Pottinger, whom she formed a close, motherly and/or sisterly friendship with.

In December of 1949 (during the events of The Figure in the Shadows), Florence battled the evil spirit of Eliphaz Moss, who was trying to lure Lewis to his death. Unfortunately, she was defeated, and the crystal in her umbrella/wand was destroyed, thus robbing her of much of her magical powers. Jonathan did give her a new umbrella for Christmas, but she was unable to use it as a wand at the time.

The following summer, in preparation for her trip to her late cousin Oley's farm, Florence bought a purple 1950 Cranbrook Plymouth, but was rather annoyed when a bright green one was delivered instead. She kept the car anyway, which Rose Rita would later name Bessie during their trip. Also during the trip, they encountered Florence's old rival Gert Bigger, who nearly killed both of them with magic before being turned into a tree by the demon Asmodai.

In the summer of 1951, nearly eighteen months after losing much of her magic, Florence (now 64) and Rose Rita traveled to Stonebridge, Pennsylvania, only to wind up traveling back in time to February of 1828, where they met the young Hilda Weiss and her step-grandfather, Grandpa Drexel, an earth witch like Florence herself. At Rose Rita's request, he used a special crystal (of the same type as the one destroyed by Eliphaz Moss) that he had made. Like her original, the crystal was linked to Florence, and then buried in the earth. A little over a week after it was buried, Florence aided Hilda, her younger brother Heinrich, and Rose Rita in battle against the evil sorcerer Adolphus Stoltzfuss, and was, unwittingly, the cause of his defeat when she held up a mirror that reflected the one he had been using to contact the demon Aziel, who took him away. Soon after, Florence and Rose Rita returned to 1951, where Florence recovered the crystal that had been prepared for her. As it had been buried for 123 years, rather than the intended seven, her restored powers were much stronger than before. Soon afterward, Jonathan and Lewis returned from their vacation in Europe, and Florence revealed her restored powers to them by using her new umbrella, which she had modified by adding her new crystal and a griffin's talon she had bought earlier that summer, to change her car Bessie from green to purple.

Florence would go on to have other magical adventures with Rose Rita, Lewis and Jonathan, including battles with the paper golem Immanuel Vanderhelm, the witch Belle Frisson, the sorcerer Mephistopheles Moote and the half-man, half-Old One Elihu Clabbernong, the warlock Ishmael Izard (son of Isaac and Selenna Izard), and others.


While the inspiration behind this woman seems something entirely magical, Zimmermann is based on a real woman both Bellairs and his friends, Dale and Marilyn Fitschen, encountered in the early 1960s. John Morrearty, a friend of Bellairs and former roommate of Dale Fitschen's in Chicago, was getting married in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Running out of sleeping space, a friend of the bride's family offered to put up some of the wedding party in her house. The house belonged to Mary Zimmerman, described by Marilyn Fitschen as a "delightful short gray-haired woman, the proverbial little old lady in tennis shoes." Her shoes were white, Marilyn adds, worn with her printed silk dresses - "and in those days, it that was considered quite eccentric." She lived alone in a small house and garden a few blocks from Lake Michigan on the north side of Milwaukee. Marilyn recalls that she, Dale and John walked to Mass with Zimmerman on the Sunday after the wedding, she in her tennis shoes, of course[1].

Marilyn's memory of Zimmerman's house call up some interesting images:

"Her dining room was more a wood-paneled alcove with shelves on three sides holding her pewter collection; the table appeared to be a very heavy picnic table with benches on two sides. Dale and I were given Mrs. Zimmerman's bedroom. The bed was a four-poster, the furniture was all French Provincial (white with gold trim), and included a chaise lounge, dressing table covered with a collection of perfume bottles.[1]"
Here a variety of violet-colored items dotted the room, itself bordered with wallpaper and carpeting in many shades of lilac, lavender and so forth:
"There were purple perfume bottles, purple nosegays, purple soap dishes with purple soap, and purple bathrobes. There were purple window curtains in the purple bathroom. The other bedrooms were all in purple. Finally coming down to breakfast Sunday morning, we realized that everything in the house was purple. What can I say? The woman loved purple, and she loved to collect stuff. We were all enthralled with this house and went back to Chicago telling everyone about our purple experience."


Mary Holoubek Zimmerman (1905-74) was a Wisconsin poet and playwright, who had two volumes of poetry published, A Gallery of Women's Portraits (1950) and Written on the Lamb's Skin[2]. Her poems have been included in the publications "A Wisconsin Harvest", "The Forge", "The Writer", "The Flower Grower", "Pen and Plow", and "The Secretary". Among her published plays are 'The DP,' 'The Chocolate Milk Cow' (1950) and 'Tradem Squaw,' the first two of which were produced by the Wisconsin Idea Theatre[3].

Zimmerman received a Jade Ring, the first-place prize in the annual Wisconsin Regional Writers Association writing contest, and was a life member of the Wisconsin Historical Society, the Milwaukee branch of AAUW (American Association of University Women), the Greater Milwaukee Association of Phi Beta Kappa, and the American Legion Auxiliary of Cudworth Post, Milwaukee.

Zimmerman was born in Chicago and, like Bellairs, was a graduate of the University of Chicago - she in 1928 with honors in history. For two years after graduation Zimmerman did free lance writing, eventually teaching in the Chicago Public School system from 1932 to 1937. Marrying Louis P. Zimmerman (1906-56) in 1934, the couple had two children, Noel Louis (1937-50) and Mary Joan (1944)[4]. By 1967 she was a widow with a married daughter and two grandchildren[2].


  • A Gallery of Women's Portraits (1950), Dierkes Press; Chicago.


  1. 1.0 1.1 Correspondence with Marilyn Fitschen.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Poems Out of Wisconsin III (1967).
  3. In New Poetry Out of Wisconsin (1969).
  4. Autobiographical sketch; Wisconsin Historical Society.
Lewis Barnavelt Series
Bellairs Corpus
By John Bellairs
Completed by Brad Strickland
By Brad Strickland
Who's who Lewis Barnavelt | Rose Rita Pottinger | Jonathan Barnavelt | Florence Zimmermann
What's what Barnavelt House | Fountain
Where's there New Zebedee, Michigan